Psychology and the Real World: Essays Illustrating Fundamental Contributions to Society
—FABBS FoundationGuide to Thinking Critically
—Cynthia Gray, Beloit CollegeA Practical Guide to Study Skills
—Amy Himsel, El Camino CollegeThe Basics of Scientifc Writing in APA Style
—Pam Marek, Kennesaw State UniversityWorking with Sources: Using APA Style
—Barbara Fister, Gustavus Adolphus CollegeIndustrial/Organizational Psychology and Human Factors
—Paul Levy and Karen Marando, The University of AkronCareers in Psychology
—Jennifer Zwolinski, University of San DiegoRegistering and Using i>clickerRegistering for and Using PsychPortal
Psychology and the Real World
is a collection of brief, original essays in which leading academic psychologists describe what their area of research has contributed to society. The authors are true stars in the field of psychology. Some of their work (for example, Elizabeth Loftus's studies of false memories, Paul Ekman's research on facial expression, and Eliot Aronson's "jigsaw," or cooperative, classroom studies) is well known to the public. The essays are unique in that they do not reprint writings. Rather, the scientists themselves clearly and entertainingly tell readers why their research matters and how their line of inquiry developed from their experience and interests.
The concept for the book came from the FABBS Foundation, a nonprofit educational foundation that supports the work of 22 scholarly societies that span the cognitive, psychological, behavioral, and brain sciences. The authors have volunteered their contributions. These authors have agreed that all grants, advances, and royalties and other financial earnings from this volume will go to the FABBS Foundation to support their educational mission.Each chapter of Psychology and the Real World is available through the ForeWords program, and a portion of the proceeds benefits the FABBS Foundation.
Table of ContentsChapter 1: Introduction
James R. Pomerantz and Morton Ann Gernsbacher Psychology and the Real World: An Introduction Chapter 2: Methods of Psychology
John H. Krantz Can the World Wide Web Be Used for Research?
Paul R. Sackett Integrity Testing for Personnel Selection: The Role of Research Methods Chapter 3: Neuroscience
Bruce S. McEwen Neurobiology of Stress and Adaptation: Implications for Health Psychology, Behavioral Medicine, and Beyond
Michael I. Posner and Mary K. Rothbart Applying the Mechanisms of Self-Regulation Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception
Donald D. Hoffman Human Vision as a Reality Engine
Jeremy M. Wolfe Visual Search: Is It a Matter of Life and Death? Chapter 5: Learning
Elizabeth L. Bjork and Robert Bjork Making Things Hard on Yourself, But in a Good Way: Creating Desirable Difficulties to Enhance Learning
Henry L. Roediger, III, Kathleen B. McDermott, and Mark A. McDaniel Using Testing to Improve Learning and Memory Chapter 6: Memory
Fergus I. M. Craik Levels of Processing in Human Memory
Elizabeth F. Loftus Crimes of Memory: False Memories and Societal Justice Chapter 7: Language and Thought
Susan Goldin-Meadow Creating and Learning Language by Hand
Herbert S. Terrace Thinking Without Language Chapter 8: Consciousness
Bernard J. Baars Thinking About Consciousness
Daniel M. Wegner When You Put Things Out of Mind, Where Do They Go? Chapter 9: Intelligence
Howard Gardner The Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Robert J. Sternberg The Rainbow Project: Using a Psychological Theory of Intelligence to Improve the College Admissions Process Chapter 10: Emotion and Motivation
Paul Ekman and David Matsumoto Reading Faces: The Universality of Emotional Expression
E. Tory Higgins Human Self-Regulation and Emotion Chapter 11: Development
Barbara Rogoff, Maricela Correa-Chávez, and Katie G. Silva Cultural Variation in Children's Attention and Learning
Carolyn Rovee-Collier Preserving Infant Memories Chapter 12: Personality
Mark Snyder Products of Their Personalities, or Creatures of Their Situations? Personality and Social Behavior Have the Answer Chapter 13: Psychological Disorders
Irving I. Gottesman Predisposed to Understand the Complex Origins of Behavioral Variation
Susan Nolen-Hoeksema Lost in Thought: The Perils of Rumination Chapter 14: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
David H. Barlow The Development and Evaluation of Psychological Treatments for Panic
Varda Shoham and Michael J. Rohrbaugh Looking Beyond the Patient: A Couple-Focused Intervention for Health-Compromised Smokers Chapter 15: Stress and Health
Peter Salovey Framing Health Messages
Shelley E. Taylor Positive Illusions: How Ordinary People Become Extraordinary Chapter 16: Social Psychology
Elliot Aronson Reducing Prejudice and Building Empathy in the Classroom
Harry T. Reis When Good Things Happen to Good People: Capitalizing on Personal Positive Events in Relationships Chapter 17: Work
John P. Campbell Individual Occupational Performance: The Blood Supply of Our Work Life
Benjamin Schneider Organizational Climate: Theory and Evidence
Cynthia Gray, Beloit College
Available March 2012
How does a person learn to think critically? Scholar Cynthia Gray has addressed this question with academic and student audiences for over a decade. In her new Guide to Thinking Critically
—written exclusively for the ForeWords program—Dr. Gray walks students through the different types of critical thinking and how they apply to the science and practice of psychology. Through a series of exercises students are then challenged to link these valuable skills to common topics such as neuroscience, development, and clinical psychology. The result is a straightforward introduction to thinking critically in the context of psychological science.
Amy Himsel, El Camino College
New research on memory and learning continues to challenge traditional notions about the most effective ways to study and learn. Master teacher Amy Himsel of El Camino College sorts through the misconceptions about the best way to study and offers students practical advice on what they can do to learn more effectively now
. Rather than prescribe one plan for everyone, the author introduces the basics of memory and then presents a wide range of strategies for reading, note-taking, self-testing, reviewing, test-taking, and managing time. Himsel both challenges and motivates students to rethink their study habits and become better learners—a great benefit to first-year students, especially.
The Basics of Scientific Writing in APA Style
Pam Marek, Kennesaw State University
As co-coordinator of the research sequence at Kennesaw State University, Pam Marek encourages her students to become actively involved in research. For students new to academic writing, the first step is a basic understanding of APA style, its genres, and how to write a psychology paper correctly and well. Her Basics of Scientific Writing in APA Style
covers these areas and also includes a sample paper and tips on avoiding plagiarism.
Barbara Fister, Gustavus Adolphus College
Writing with sources can be a perennial challenge for students in any discipline. In this short guide, librarian Barbara Fister provides students with a practical checklist for ensuring that sources are properly integrated into their writing and correctly cited to avoid plagiarism. A thorough guide to in-text citations and references ensures that students will have a reliable place to find out about APA style.
Paul Levy and Karen Marando, The University of Akron
In this full-length chapter, Paul Levy (author of the popular text Industrial/Organizational Psychology
) and Karen Marando introduce students to the history and practice of two of psychology's most fascinating subfields. The authors paint a compelling picture of the roots of the disciplines in Frederick Taylor's scientific management and the seminal studies conducted at the Western Electric Plant in Hawthorne, Illinois. They then describe the contemporary applications of psychology to job analysis, selection, training, performance appraisal, motivation, leadership, engineering, and careers—as only two researchers and practitioners can. The chapter is accompanied by a full set of pedagogical tools, including section previews, summaries, critical thinking questions, and more.
Jennifer Zwolinski, University of San Diego
Encourage your students to major in psychology by introducing them to the wide array of career opportunities for college graduates with training in psychology. For students new to the world of academia, Prof. Zwolinski explains what they need to know about pursuing a graduate degree, and also describes psychology's many exciting subfields.
This straightforward flyer answers students' basic questions about registering and using an i>clicker remote control for this leading in-class polling system. By including this crucial information in your textbook, you can be assured that your students will always be able to find answers to their basic questions.
For students using Worth Publishers' online learning space PsychPortal, this short guide explains the basics of how to register and get started using all the learning tools at their disposal. Students are given suggested strategies for learning and studying using the rich variety of tools available in the Portal.